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Median Nerve


Median nerve damage produces inability to flex the index finger and, to a lesser degree, the middle fingers. Flexion of the distal phalanx of the thumb and opposition of the thumb are weak. Forearm pronation is also weak. Efforts to make a fist produces a typical hand posture that has the appearance of a priest giving benediction. This posture is due to the inability to flex the index and middle fingers (benediction hand). Long-standing intrauterine median nerve lesions may produce an abnormal appearance called “simian hand” or “ape hand” due to atrophy of the thumb muscles innervated by the median nerve and the unopposed action of the extensor pollicis longus (innervated by the radial nerve) and the adductor pollicis (innervated by the ulnar nerve).

 

 

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anatomy? Brazis, 1990 amatomy?